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SS4                                                 PASGANA ECSI.

On the 31st of May, 1557, the rebels on their march to Delhi stopped at
Ko*i and, after burning down the Customs bungalow and ransacking the police
station, proceeded to plunder the tahsili, but Rs. 150 was ail that they found
in the treasury there The records were scattered to the four winds, hat
were to a great esteat subsequently reco\ered. The Musalmans of Dotana^
the J4:s of Aziz-pur, and the Gujars of Majhoi and Rfun-purlenta willing hand
to any 'deed of mischief ; but the townspeople and the inhabitants of the ad~
joining villages of Hasan-pur Nagara, Umraura, Dah-ganw and Nabi-pur, gave
what assistance they coald In maintaining order, and as an acknowledgment
of their good behavlonr one year's jama was remitted and a grant of Rs. 50
made to each lumberdar. The position of the town between Agra and Delhi
and the strength of its fortified sarae have rendered it a place of some impor-
tance at other pericxis of local disturbance* Thus, in 1774, the JYit Raja,
Banfit Sinhj on his retreat to Barsaua, occupied it .for some time and again,
in 1282, after the death of Kajaf Khan, his nephew, Mirza Shafi , fled to it as a
temporary refuge from before his rival Afrazyab Khan.

U G-EEAT AND LITTLE, are two populous and extensive Jat villages
(the former with a Halkabandi school) in the immediate neighbourhood of the
town of Kosi According to popular belief, the name is derived from the
circumstance that Balarama here sat down ' (fait hen) to wait for his brother'
Krishna* ; bnfc like so many of the older local names, which are now fancifully
connected with some mythological incident, the word is really descriptive simply
of the natural features of the spot/ latltan being still employed in some parts
of India to denote a pasture-ground for cattle. In the same way Brinda-ban,
( the tnlsi grove/ is now referred to a goddess Yrinda ; Loh-ban, Hhe lodhri
grove/ to a demon Loha-jangha ; and Kotban,  the limit or last of the groves/
to a demon Kota? whose head was tossed to SIrthala, and his hands to Hathana.
Oa the outskirts of Great Bathan is an extensive sheet of water with a mason-
ry ghat builfc by Hop Earn, the Katara of Barsana, which, by its name
Balbhadra-Knnd, has either occasioned, or at least serves to perpetuate the
belief that Balarama was the eponymous hero of the place. Here, on Choit ladi
% Is held the Holanga Fair., when some 15?000 to 16,000 people assemble and
a sham fight takes place between the women of Bathan, who are armed with
clubs, and the men from the neighbouring village of Jav, who defend themselves
with branches of the acacia. At a distance of two miles, between two smaller
called Pidar Gauga, the one in Ba than, the other in Jav, is Kokila-
3 tk most celebrated in Hindi poetry of all the woods of Braj : so much 00,*